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Billie Jean King

United States

D.O.B.
Nov 22
1943
Height
5' 4 1/2"
1.64 m
Weight
134 lbs.
60.7 kg
Plays
Right-handed
one-handed backhand
Status
Pro (1968)
Retired (1983)
Biography
Maiden name is Moffitt ... At age 11, when she bought her first tennis racquet with money saved from odd jobs and was taking free lessons near her home in Long Beach, California, told mom Betty, "I am going to be No.1 in the world" ... Attended Los Angeles State University for three years ... In September 1970 was one of nine players who broke away from the tennis establishment and accepted $1 contracts from promoter Gladys Heldman in Houston; revolt led to the birth of women's professional tennis with the formation of the Virginia Slims Tour and the creation of the Women's Tennis Association, which King spearheaded in 1973 ... Also founded the Women's Sports Foundation in 1974 to increase opportunities for female participation in sports; continues to serve on organization's board ... Co-founder of groundbreaking co-ed professional tennis league WorldTeamTennis in 1974 ... Is involved in a variety of enterprises including publishing, promoting tournaments and tennis exhibitions and has doe extensive tennis commentary for television ... Interests include ballet, old and new movies ... Father, Bill, was an engineer in the Long Beach Fire Dept.; younger brother, Randy Moffitt, was a Major League Baseball pitcher for 13 years ... Wrote book titled We Have Come A Long Way, published in November 1988.
Career Highlights
SINGLES
Winner (67): 1968 - Wimbledon; 1969 - Pacific Southwest, South African Open, Natal, Dublin, Stockholm; 1970 - Rome, Sydney, Durban, London Indoors, VS Richmond; 1971 - US Open, San Francisco, Long Beach, Milwaukee, Oklahoma City, Chattanooga, US Indoors-Detroit, Boston, San Diego, Hamburg [German Open], Hoylake, Kitzbuhel, Houston, US Clay Courts, Louisville, Phoenix, London Indoors; 1972 - Roland Garros, US Open, Wimbledon, Phoenix, Richmond, Indianapolis, San Francisco, Tucson, Charlotte, Bristol; 1973 - Wimbledon, Phoenix, Indianapolis, Denver, Nottingham, VS Hawaii, Tokyo [Toray]; 1974 - US Open, San Francisco, Washington DC, Detroit, Akron, US Indoors-New York; 1975 - Wimbledon, Sarasota; 1977 - Lionel San Antonio, Phoenix, San Paulo, San Juan, Japan Invitational, London Indoors; 1979 - Tokyo Sillook, Stockholm; 1980 - Detroit, Houston, Tokyo Sillook; 1982 - Birmingham; 1983 - Birmingham.

DOUBLES
Winner (101 Open Era): 1980 - US Open (w/Navratilova); 1979 - Wimbledon (w/Navratilova); 1978 - US Open (w/Navratilova); 1974 - US Open (w/Casals), Virginia Slims Championships (w/Casals); 1973 - Wimbledon (w/Casals); 1972 - Roland Garros (w/Stove), Wimbledon (w/Stove); 1971 - Wimbledon (w/Casals); 1970 - Wimbledon (w/Casals), Rome (w/Casals), Queen's Club (w/Casals); 1968 - Wimbledon (w/Casals), Winchester (w/Casals).

MIXED DOUBLES Winner (7 Open Era): 1976 - US Open (w/Dent); 1974 - Wimbledon (w/Davidson); 1973 - Wimbledon (w/Davidson), US Open (w/Davidson); 1971 - Wimbledon (w/Davidson), US Open (w/Davidson); 1970 - Roland Garros (w/Hewitt).

ADDITIONAL
United States Fed Cup Team 1963-67, 76-79. United States Wightman Cup Team 1961-67, 70, 77-78.
Career Review
- Ranked No.1 in the world five times between 1966 and 1974 and was in Top 10 a total of 17 years (beginning in 1960); ranked No.1 on US doubles list for a record 12 years, eight with Rosie Casals.
- Owns 39 total Grand Slam titles (12 singles, 16 doubles, 11 mixed), third on the all-time list.
- Enjoyed greatest success at Wimbledon, where she holds a record 20 titles combined in singles (six), doubles (10) and mixed doubles (four).
- Won the singles, doubles and mixed doubles titles at 1973 Wimbledon, one of three players to accomplish a Grand Slam Triple Crown in the Open Era (Court and Navratilova are the others).
- Is one of just nine players in history to hold a singles title in each of the four Grand Slam tournaments, along with Court, Connolly, Fry, Graf, Hart, Evert, Navratilova and S.Williams.
- Only woman to win the US singles title on four surfaces (grass, clay, carpet, hardcourts).
- Oldest player to win professional Tour title by winning 1983 Birmingham at 39 years, 7 months, 23 days.
- Unbeaten in 27 Fed Cup doubles matches and third in total wins (with 52); Captain of US Fed Cup team in 1995-96 and 1998-2001.
- US Olympic women's tennis team captain in 1996 and 2000.
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